6 Medical Examinations Every Woman Should Do
The advancement of medicine has provided several benefits to our health. The possibility of doing medical tests to prevent or know the possibility of some diseases (such as genetic), were fundamental to reduce the mortality caused by some diseases, among them cancer.
Unfortunately, day-to-day running often does not allow the body to get the attention it needs. Simple medical examinations, which take a few minutes to collect, are not performed because we think it is a waste of time.
Many people think that since most diseases nowadays have treatment, they should not worry about prevention.
Cancer to endometriosis ( a disease that has as one of the main symptoms bleeding, and can even cause infertility), are diseases that, while having treatment, often do not show the expected response by doctors. Therefore, they are examples of diseases, among many others, that should be investigated and, if discovered, treated as soon as possible.
But with so many medical and professional screening options to look for, we are lost. Which specialist should we look for? What tests should we do? The indicated professional is always a gynecologist or general practitioner.
Although the specialty of medical clinic is no longer so valued today, the clinician is the professional who will perform a complete examination, indicating which professionals are indicated to investigate a disease that you may have. If he, for example, ascertains any anomaly in the functioning of the heart, will appoint a cardiologist.
1) Complete blood count
In fact, the complete should be banned, but it is still used by habit. In the blood count, the doctor investigates its red blood cells (circulating in our blood), leukocytes (defense cells) and platelets (responsible for coagulation, avoid bleeding).
Changing the amount of one of these cells may indicate the presence of some disease. Therefore, it is considered one of the most important medical tests.
2) Routine exams
Along with the complete blood count, the doctor will probably order other tests such as blood glucose, TGO, TGP, total cholesterol and fractions, triglycerides and creatinine.
Glycemia, assess the amount of sugar in your blood than normal, may indicate diabetes. TGO and TGP are two enzymes that evaluate the function of your liver.
Total cholesterol and its fractions and triglycerides, give you an idea of ??how your fat levels are. Above-normal rates indicate that fat intake should be reduced. Otherwise, serious illness may occur. And, in turn, the creatinine shows how your kidney system works.
3) Pap smear
The pap smear is one of the medical tests that are performed after the first intercourse. The doctor will collect material for the prevention of cervical cancer.
Despite being an examination of shame for many women, it is an examination extremely important. After all, the discovery of the disease after a long period can lead to removal of the uterus.
With this, the woman can not have children. If no cancer cell is found, the test is still important because it evaluates the risk of cancer. Therefore, their annual achievement is imperative for women’s health.
The breast self-examination should be performed by all women at any age. It consists of a thorough palpation of the breasts and the region near the armpits.
If a woman finds a ball, you should immediately see a gynecologist. The doctor will then order a mammogram, test that identifies the presence of benign nodules in the breast region or tumors.
The breast cancer is currently the tumor more common among women. So if you have a woman in your family who has had breast cancer, you should have a mammogram every year, one of the most effective tests to find out if you have the disease or risk developing it in the future.
5) Bone Densitometry
This test is indicated primarily for women over the age of 50 or who have already entered menopause.
The menopause is the stage in cessation of menses and bearing, estrogen and progesterone levels in women, as well as other hormones are altered. With this, the chance of developing osteoporosis increases.
To determine the presence of this disease, which increases bone fragility and has as main symptoms bone pain and decreased stature, a bone densitometry should be performed annually.
6) Cardiac evaluation
From the age of 40, the woman, along with her routine checkups and mammograms , should begin to worry about her heart health. In fact, at all ages this is important. However, at age 40, the likelihood of heart attacks and other heart disease increases.
Therefore, it is necessary to seek a cardiologist to evaluate the functioning of the heart and its arteries.
Among the tests doctors order the cardiologist, he can order a stress test, examination in which the patient is subjected to a physical effort, in order to evaluate the cardiovascular function.
When you seek the specialist, do not bother asking for the medical tests listed above. All well-trained specialists will be able to indicate the right exam and the right time to indicate each one to you. So trust your doctor.
If you believe something is wrong, contact another doctor . The important thing is to make sure that you are healthy and that your body is getting the treatment it deserves.