How to get rid of the 4 most common skin blemishes
Dark spots on the skin are the most common, being caused by excessive sun exposure over time. This is because the sun’s rays stimulate the production of melanin, which is the pigment that gives color to the skin, but hormonal changes, drug use, and other factors act on melanocytes that give rise to spots on the face or body.
Learn how to identify and remove the 8 major types of skin blemishes:
1. Dark spots on the face
Melasma is a dark spot that appears on the face, close to apples on the face and forehead, being very common in pregnancy or menopause because it is closely linked to hormonal changes. In this case these changes irritate melanocytes that leave darker areas on certain areas of the face. These usually appear or worsen when the person is very exposed to the sun.
How to take it: Spend sunscreen daily with maximum protection factor and avoid prolonged sun exposure, as well as heat sources, avoid getting into hot cars parked in the sun or using the oven, for example. In addition, a cream or ointment may be used to lighten the skin. Hydroquinone may be indicated but should not be used for more than 4 weeks. Other options include Vitanol A, cream with acids like Klassis, or Adapaleno.
2. Stains caused by the sun
Sunspots occur most often in light or dark-skinned people who are very exposed to the sun without sunscreen. The most affected parts of the body are the hands, arms, face and neck, and although it is more common to appear after 40 years of age, they may also occur in younger people.
How to remove: The clearest and superficial can be eliminated with exfoliation every 2 weeks. When there is a greater number of spots it is recommended to go to the dermatologist to indicate the most suitable products.
This is important because when a person has many spots of this type, they have a higher risk of skin cancer and this doctor will be able to evaluate if the spots that they have this risk or not. The use of whitening creams may be a good option but aesthetic treatments like laser, pulsed light and peeling also have great results.
3. Red spots on the skin
Dermatitis that manifests itself through red spots on the skin may be a consequence of the onset of an allergy, and can cause brown spots on the skin that itch and may appear after ingesting allergenic foods such as shrimp, strawberries or peanuts, eg after apply products to the skin, such as creams, perfumes or cosmetics, or use objects in contact with the skin, such as bracelets or necklaces.
How to take: A steroid-based cream may be indicated twice daily until symptoms subside. It is recommended to consult a dermatologist to identify the cause of the allergy so that you can avoid contact with what caused the allergy.
4. Ringworm or white cloth
The white cloth, also known as beach mycosis, arises due to an infection caused by fungus, which causes the appearance of several small whitish spots on the skin. Over time the ringworm is spread through the skin, but usually, the person did not become infected on the beach, but after getting more tanned, was able to observe the presence of whitish areas.
The cause of mycosis is a fungus that lives in human skin in a controlled quantity, but when the person’s immune system is compromised, it is common for there to be a greater proliferation of this fungus in the skin, giving rise to mycosis.
How to take it: In this case, it is recommended to apply an antifungal cream to the skin, 2 times a day, for 3 weeks. When the area to be treated is very large, involving all of the back, it may be necessary to take an oral antifungal, such as Fluconazole, under medical indication.