6 types of STD you can have and never imagined
Some sexually transmitted diseases, also known as STDs, have no symptoms or take time until they are detected.
It is not just AIDS, transmitted by the HIV virus, and hepatitis that can be passed from one person to another through sexual contact.
Although they are more debated and known, especially AIDS, an autoimmune disease whose cure has not yet been discovered, other silent villains may be compromising your health without you noticing.
The best way to prevent these diseases is through safe sex with the use of condoms, but staying informed about the possible contagion from intercourse is also extremely important to keep you safe and to whom you care.
1. Genital Herpes
Genital herpes is one of the silent types of STDs that can greatly harm your well-being and your health.
Transmitted by viruses, herpes attacks the skin and mucous membranes of the genital region, and may also spread to the mouth during oral sex.
Contagion usually occurs through an infected person who has lesions and wounds in the genital area.
However, this is not a rule and transmission can happen when there are still no apparent symptoms or when the person has already suffered from herpes, since the disease can be controlled but there is no definitive cure.
It is common for the infected person to be slow to notice the problem of this silent STD, however, some symptoms may be noticed, such as pain and irritation of the genitals, red spots accompanied by whitish blisters, ulcers that lead to bleeding, pain when urinating, and wounds.
In general health, the person who contracts genital herpes also presents with malaise, fever, muscle aches and lack of appetite.
The treatment is performed via antiviral drugs, which relieve the pain and recover the wounds. However, once contracted, genital herpes may recur at any time.
Cytomegalovirus, or CMV, is from the same family of other viral diseases, such as genital herpes, herpes zoster, common herpes and chicken pox, being one of the types of STD you can contract via sexual intercourse.
The victim of the contagion can also transmit the virus through the respiratory tract, blood transfusion and contaminated objects.
The pregnant woman, when carrying CMV, can also transmit the virus to the fetus. This is a disease that may not be noticed during its incubation in the organism, because it is asymptomatic.
However, fever, sore throat and enlarged spleen and liver may occur, characteristic symptoms of another disease: infectious mononucleosis.
Therefore, when you notice these symptoms, a specific examination should be requested by the doctor.
Symptoms last for a few weeks and may return at any time when the patient’s immune system is vulnerable and weakened.
Considered the most common sexually transmitted disease in the world, chlamydia does not cause apparent symptoms in the infected individual, which can cause you to remain with the disease for years without knowing and pass it on to others.
When they do appear, the symptoms are equivalent to gonorrhea, another STD caused by bacteria.
Currently, it is estimated that 15% of the population is contaminated with chlamydia, with symptoms occurring in only 10% of cases in women and 30% in men.
These symptoms include vaginal discharge, bleeding in the region, abdominal pain, burning during urination and pain during sexual intercourse.
If not diagnosed and treated, chlamydia can evolve from the picture, causing complications such as infection of the uterus, ovaries and fallopian tubes, infertility and cancer of the cervix.
Donovanose, one of the most common types of STDs, is a bacterial infection that attacks the mucous membranes of the genitals, inguinal and perianal and has as its main symptom the genital ulcers.
The incubation period of the bacteria varies from 3 days to 6 months and symptoms may begin to appear from the 7th day of incubation.
The most common lesions that are related to donovanose are wounds in the armpits, scalp, liver, spleen, gums and stomach walls, plus clear lesions in the genital region. The treatment of this STD is performed by means of antibiotics, until the disease completely regains.
5. Contagious Mollusc
Molluscum contagiosum is a type of STD that often goes unnoticed by being mistakenly mistaken for warts on the skin.
They are characterized by the eruption of painless external nodules in the body caused by viruses, the poxvirus, considered the largest among all types of virus.
In addition to sexual contamination, this disease is transmitted through contaminated objects and, therefore, care must be redoubled, especially when the immune system is weakened.
The eruptions appear more often in the regions of the genitals, the abdomen and the inner areas of the thighs.
6. Trichomoniasis is one of the types of STDs easy to diagnose
Trichomoniasis is an infection that occurs in the vagina and is caused by the protozoan Trichomonas Vaginalis that is transmitted through unprotected sex.
Once in the body, the protozoan begins to inhabit the urethra or the vagina, causing lesions and pain in the region, making room for the emergence of new sexually transmitted diseases.
The main symptoms of this disease are yellowish or green discharge, pains, urinary problems, itching, strong smell in the region and irritation of the vulva.
This disease can be diagnosed through the Pap smear, which reinforces the importance of taking the test periodically.
For treatment, a break in sexual intercourse and the prescribed administration of antibiotics and vaginal cream are recommended.