7 Things About IUD, SIU and Subcutaneous Implant You Need to Know
Being a mother is the dream of many women, but it is always important to prevent from having an unwanted pregnancy, after all, a child changes people’s lives and it is always good to come with planning.
If you are looking for a contraceptive method other than a contraceptive , let us clarify in this article 7 questions about IUD, IUS and subcutaneous implantation that will help you decide if these methods are the ones you want.
But before you decide to use the IUD, SIU or subcutaneous implant, understand that condoms are the only method that prevents sexually transmitted diseases, if you have decided to stop using it because you have a fixed partner make sure that it is not carrying any disease and Who will not relate to other partners or partners, even within marriage or an exclusive relationship the use of condoms is indicated by gynecologists.
What are the IUD, SIU and subcutaneous Implant?
The Subcutaneous Implant is a thin 4cm bat that is placed under the woman’s skin. It contains a hormone called etonogestrel, which is already a hormone commonly used in contraception.
The IUD is the Intrauterine Device and the IUD is the Intrauterine System, the two are placed inside the uterus through a simple procedure performed in a doctor’s office.
The difference is that the IUD is made of Copper and has no hormones while the IUD is a version with the hormone progesterone.
How do implants work in the body and how long do they last?
The IUS stays in the womb of the woman releasing the progesterone gradually, this avoids ovulation and thus pregnancy. The IUD, which has no hormones, works as a sperm repellent, it turns the woman’s uterus into a hostile place for sperm, preventing them from reaching the fallopian tubes where they fertilize the egg and cause pregnancy.
The subcutaneous implant is implanted under the skin of the arm that the woman does not use so much, so if it is right the implant will stay in the left arm.
It will release the etonogestrel in the same way as the SIU, avoiding ovulation and so the sperm will not have eggs to fertilize upon reaching the fallopian tubes.
The IUD can last up to 10 years, while the IUS lasts for up to five years and the subcutaneous implant lasts only three years.
What is the most effective method?
The numbers indicate that the subcutaneous implant is the most effective, being even ahead of the condom and the contraceptive pill. There was one pregnancy per 2,000 women who used the subcutaneous implant.
The IUS showed one pregnancy for every 500 women who used the system, and the IUD presented one pregnancy to every 125 women who used the device. The IUD can, unfortunately, end up leaving the place and by not having hormones it becomes useless.
The condom alone has 18 to 21 pregnancies per 100 women, while the pill has 9 pregnancies in every 100 women who use this method. All average failure rates are one year.
Remember that using the IUD, SIU, subcutaneous implant or pill in partnership with the condom further decreases the chances of pregnancy.
Can the IUD, IUS, and subcutaneous implant cause infertility?
No, the woman can get pregnant at any time. If you want to use one of these to avoid a pregnancy at the moment but have plans to become pregnant in the future, stay calm.
A woman who has had an IUD, IUD, or subcutaneous implant still in action, and decides to become pregnant, just needs to talk to her doctor.
A contraceptive device will be removed and the woman can already attempt a pregnancy soon after the first menstrual period after withdrawal.
Can any woman use it?
Yes, subcutaneous implants, IUDs, and IUDs do not contain the estrogen hormone, so there is no contraindication, but it is important that your doctor do some exams before you can be sure that everything is okay with you.
Do the methods have any side effects?
Yes, at first the woman may have headaches, nausea and breast tenderness, but also happens to birth control pills, but these effects persist only for the first few weeks.
The woman’s menstruation is usually changed, the bleeding becomes irregular and tends to decrease. It is not a general rule, so some women can reduce bleeding to a halt and others can continue menstruating normally.
This adjustment period should last between the first four and six months after placement of the subcutaneous implant, IUD or IUS.
The change in menstruation does not change the effectiveness of any of the methods and the body remains healthy, also can happen small bleeding prolongations, called spot on the panties.
About 85% of women using the methods are said to be satisfied with the pattern of menstruation.